|For more information on
the simulation code and to obtain the actual code contact Enrico Farnea
Last updated: April 8th, 2009
April 8th, 2009: several bug
fixes. Revised definition of the geometry. Added the possibility to
load standard or low-energy treatment of EM interactions separately for
hadrons and gammas. Ceased support for Geant4 versions earlier than
December 12th, 2008: minor
changes to comply with new Geant4.9.2 version. Program compiles but
changes in the Geant4 configuration files are required to actually run
the program (bug already reported to the Geant4 team).
June 26th, 2008: a few
materials for ancillary detectors added to the package. Major revision
of the geometry fiiles to make them compatible with the actual
installation of the Demonstrator Array at LNL. Now the cluster
(detector) numbering increases going backward to forward.
November 24th, 2007:
minor revision to ancillary detector numbering scheme (including bug
fixes). Revision of the compilation flags.
September 25th, 2007:
minor changes to eliminate a few compilation warnings. The G4LECS
treatment of Compton scattering is now optional.
July 23rd, 2007: minor
changes to make the code compatible with CLHEP v.2.X.
July 16th, 2007: fixed
a bug with Geant v.4.9.0 and prepared a new patch to the distribution.
is still recommended to use one of the earlier distributions such as
July 4th, 2007: the
code has been ported to Geant v.4.9.0, however it is not working, most
likely because of some problems with the latest Geant4 distribution. It
is recommended to use one of the earlier distributions such as Geant
September 13th, 2006:
code has been ported to Geant v.4.8.0 and above.
June 6th, 2006: the
code has been revised, introducing a new interface to handle Geant4
native event generators. New version 6.6.6
February 7th, 2006: the
been revised, introducing a new interface to handle ancillary detectors
and a better treatment of polarized photons. New version 6.0.0 compiles with Geant v.4.6.2
July 7th, 2005: the code has
been slightly modified to compile with Geant4 v.4.7.1 and a few minor
bugs have been fixed. New version 5.1.1
June 20th, 2005: The code has been
compiled with Geant4 v. 4.7.0.p01 and gcc v. 3.4.3. The documentation
has been revised. New version 5.1.0 is ready.
January 10th, 2005: The code has been
successfully compiled with Geant4 v.4.7.0. No changes to the code
itself where required but the patch to Geant4 had to be modified.
November 27th 2004: Fixed
many bugs in the generation of events from external files; revised
version of the geometry, v.4.3.0
The code in its present implementation (v.6.6.6) meets the requirements
Simulation of Key Experiments working team, keeping the schematic event
generator used in the conceptual design phase of AGATA. As discussed in
the team meetings, complex events can be treated either by means of
formatted external files containing the event structure and sequence or
by native Geant4 classes emulating the physics.
In these cases there is the possibility to simulate non-repeating
cascades with variable multiplicity, the change of recoil velocity
along the cascade and there is also the option to emit also the
residual nucleus at
the end of the event.
The code is based on Geant4. It is presently
being developed with Geant v.4.9.2.p01, CLHEP v.18.104.22.168 on a Ubuntu
8.10 machine with gcc v.4.3.2. In principle the code should work with
Geant v.4.7.0 and above (up to v.4.9.2) and with CLHEP v.1.9.X, however
these earlier versions are not supported any more. Presently the code
includes the possibility to simulate three geometrical arrangements:
The default option for the event generation is the standard generator
available in the previous versions, with little changes to the user
interface. This event
generator includes a cascade of Mn neutrons
followed by Ma alpha particles, Mp protons, Me-
electrons, Me+ positrons and Mg
possible centre-of-mass spectra for each particle are:
- an array of coaxial (or planar) germanium detectors.
detector is described as the intersection of a cylinder with a convex
irregular polyhedron; clusters are built and placed as a single object.
The shapes and the position of the polyhedra and of the clusters are
read from file.
- an ideal spherical shell of germanium.
- a cylindrical coaxial, closed-end germanium detector.
Energies of the emitted particles are transformed relativistically into
the laboratory reference frame, following the motion of the source.
- "rotational" cascade (equally spaced energies)
- discrete energies (read from file)
- "flat" continuous distribution
- "statistical" spectrum
- discrete energies weighted on the intensities (read
As mentioned above, the interesting features for the Simulation of Key
Experiments team are the possibility to read complex events from an
external file, thus using the code just to evaluate the response
function of the array, and the possibility to interface with (existing)
native Geant4 event generators.